Andrew Mercer Reformatory Records

 

 

Do you need assistance locating records of your deceased relative incarcerated at the Mercer Reformatory or the Girls Industrial Refuge?  

 

Very early records are sparse and later records are more abundant.  We may be able to help you locate records, or assist you by writing a Freedom of Information (FOI) to request records.

 

See contact page on how to reach us.

Outside the Mercer in Toronto, Ontario 1953 – page 34 of Annual Report of Reformatories, Industrial Farms, Jails no. 8 1953

Criminalized and Incarcerated Project

The goal of the Criminalized and Incarcerated Project, is to document and map the forgotten women and girls who were incarcerated at the Andrew Mercer Reformatory in Toronto, Ontario.

 

The Andrew Mercer Reformatory was open from 1880 to 1969, in what is now known as Liberty Village, located in Toronto at King W. and Liberty Streets. The site was also home to other institutions of incarceration, including the Toronto Central Prison. Liberty Street was the first street those released from the institutions would walk once freed.

 

The province of Ontario arrested and detained over 20, 000 women and girls for reasons we would never agree with today, and which were highly questionable even at that time. These women and girls often served indeterminate sentences, without trial or appeal. Ostensibly, they were to be “reformed” and taught to lead more moral and useful lives through cooking, baking and cleaning. However, the truth is that they were mandated to work in the Mercer for for-profit factories, suffered under deplorable conditions, were punished with extreme deprivation in the dungeon, endured disciplinary strappings and underwent medical procedures and experiments without consent.

 

Many women and girls gave birth while incarcerated at the Mercer, either in the institution or at the local hospital. They were often permanently separated from their children. Older children were contracted into domestic or farm service and younger children were placed elsewhere, often fostered or adopted. In many cases, babies born of incarcerated mothers have had their birth history erased of any connection to the reformatory.

 

 

The Criminalized and Incarcerated Project endeavours to create a record of those women and girls and their children, a piece of the puzzle correcting the erasure of their experience, to assist them or their descendants in reclaiming their history. We hope that it will assist people in connecting with or rebuilding families and in connecting with others with similar histories. We hope you find it helpful and look forward to connecting with you.

1931 Census

 

Below is a list of women, girls and babies who were imprisoned at Mercer during their enumeration for the 1931 Census.  If you see any errors or can decipher the names we could not, please let us know! 

 

To compare our list with the original digitized copies click here on the 1931 Census to view on Library and Archives Canada website.  Use the following options to locate the Mercer Reformatory census.

1931 Census – Andrew Mercer Reformatory

ImageLineSurnameNameRelationship to head of
family or household
SexPlace of birth
person
Racial
origins
21scottletitiasuptfirelandirish
22scottgeorge williamsonmirelandirish
23scottsarahdaughterfirelandirish
24scottthomas archibaldsonmirelandirish
25alderdice?mabelattendantfirelandirish
26beithagnesattendantfscotlandscottish
27bolgerkateattendantfontirish
28breadonsarahattendantfirelandirish
29elderrebeccaattendantfirelandirish
210ferriercharlotteattendantfontenglish
211grahamlindaattendantfontscottish
212ingrammariaattendantfenglandenglish
213jarvisruthattendantfenglandenglish
214lawlerfannyattendantfirelandirish
215libbykatherineattendantfontenglish
216milnejeannursefscotlandscottish
217milesmaryForeladyfontscottish
218mckayisabelattendantfirelandirish
219nolansarahattendantfontirish
220oliverjuneattendantfontenglish
221phillipselizabethattendantfirelandirish
222secordsybilattendantfontscottish
223secordmajorielodgerfontenglish
224stoate?gertrudeattendantfenglandenglish
225walkerellenattendantfontirish
226webbfrancisattendantfenglandenglish
227adamsberthaprisonerfontchippewa
228adamscoraprisonerfontchippewa
229allennellieprisonerfenglandenglish
230andrewsdorisprisonerfontenglish
231ariss?pearlprisonerfontuknown
232asselstinemaryprisonerfontenglish
233ayolte?clariceprisonerfontfrench
234bedardannieprisonerfenglandenglish
235beemermargaretprisonerfontirish
236bellkathleenprisonerfenglandenglish
237bellooliveprisonerfontenglish
238birdsellalbertaprisonerfontenglish
239blaisflorenceprisonerfontfrench
240bondgertrudeprisonerfontuknown
241boult?priscillaprisonerfu.s.aspanish
242boycemayprisonerfontenglish
243?bresee?rose annprisonerfontfrench
244brezniakcatherineprisonerfurkraineukrainian
245brindlealiceprisonerfqueenglish
246browndoloresprisonerfontuknown
247bulldorothyprisonerfontenglish
248campbellgraceprisonerfontunknown
249carlsonannaprisonerfontswedish
250carlsonronald robertprisoner’s infantmontuknown
31carrolljosephineprisonerfontirish
32charmot?ireneprisonerfu.s.afrench
33clarkeannieprisonerfenglandenglish
34clarkeviolaprisonerfqueenglish
35clauseednaprisonerfontunknown
36collinsminnieprisonerfenglandenglish
37conkwrightnevaprisonerfontenglish
38cooperkathleenprisonerfontirish
39couillardberthaprisonerfontfrench
310cowanpriscillaprisonerfontenglish
311crandellnellieprisonerfontirish
312cronenellieprisonerfu.s.aunknown
313cronkmaryprisonerfontdutch
314cullinrona prisonerfontirish
315cummingsleonaprisonerfontenglish
316cummingsmargaretprisoner’s infantfontenglish
317cunninghammargaretprisonerfontirish
318cuthberteuphemiaprisonerfontunknown
319darchjessieprisonerfontirish
320daveysarahprisonerfontirish
321dearsen?aliceprisonerfenglandenglish
322decarloisabelprisonerfontitalian
323decoteauevelynprisonerfontfrench
324decurjennieprisonerfromaniaromania
325de forestmaryprisonerfontfrench
326de granbellaprisonerfontenglish
327deslauriersjulietteprisonerfquefrench
328delinealiceprisonerfontenglish
329dillaborgh?florenceprisonerfontfrench
330doylebernadetteprisonerfontirish
331duncanstellaprisonerfontirish
332dupuisgertrudeprisonerfontfrench
333falledithprisonerfontfrench
334finchvernaprisonerfontgerman
335fishermayprisonerfontgerman
336fitchbettyprisonerfontunknown
337folz?gladysprisonerfontgerman
338fosterleonaprisonerfontirish
339foxmargaretprisonerfontirish
340galagan?maryprisonerfontirish
341garrahmaryprisonerfontfrench
342gauthierblancheprisonerfquefrench
343gilbertednaprisonerfontwelsh
344girardmargueriteprisonerfquefrench
345gordierhazelprisonerfontfrench
346gordonhelenprisonerfontscottish
347grassmarieprisonerfenglandenglish
348gravesbessieprisonerfontenglish
349greenjemima?prisonerfont?
350greenwoodleta?prisonerfontenglish
41hammondcarrieprisonerfenglandenglish
42harwickmabelprisonerfontenglish
43hayqueenieprisonerfontirish
44herronmajorieprisonerfirelandirish
45hillretaprisonerfontenglish
46hoganvictoriaprisonerfontfrench
47ilniski?rose prisonerfontukrainian
48irvineviolaprisonerfontirish
49jacksonemmaprisonerfontirish
410jacksonmargaretprisonerfontirish
411jacksondoreenprisoner’s infantfontuknown
412jameslauraprisonerfu.s.adutch
413jamesmarthaprisonerfontirish
414jean-louisyvonneprisonerfontscottish
415kahbeeje?susanprisonerfontchippewa
416karnesminnieprisonerfontireland
417kaustinlenaprisonerfontfinnish
418kellyannieprisonerfontenglish
419kellyblancheprisonerfirelandirish
420keyser?monaprisonerfontirish
421kinbsburymarieprisonerfontfrench
422kohl?oliveprisonerfontgerman
423laforetevaprisonerfontfrench
424larochelaurettaprisonerfontfrench
425larochejacquelineprisoner’s infantfontfrench
426latondress?eleanorprisonerfontdutch
427le bleaudorothyprisonerfontfrench
428leckieflorenceprisonerfenglandenglish
429leclairevaprisonerfontfrench
430lefebvreangelineprisonerfquefrench
431lewisalinaprisonerfontenglish
432lewismayprisonerfontnegress
433lockridgemildredprisonerfontirish
434longpriscillaprisonerfontgerman
435loweroseprisonerfquefrench
436malettelauraprisonerfontfrench
437marshallcatherineprisonerfontchippewa
438marshalljamesprisoner’s infantmontunknown
439mathesonrachelprisonerfontscottish
440mead?mayprisonerfontfrench
441milliganmarjoryprisonerfontirish
442mironcecileprisonerfquefrench
443mitchellantoniaprisonerfquescottish
444moisan?marieprisonerfontfrench
445monachangeorgina prisonerfscotlandscottish
446moorecleoprisonerfontirish
447mcainey?annieprisonerfenglandenglish
448mcburneyvioletprisonerfontirish
449mccarthydorisprisonerfontfrench
450mccolmanevaprisonerfontscottish
51mccormackhelenprisonerfontenglish
52mccormackfrancisprisoner’s infantfontdanish
53mclaughlinpearlprisonerfontunknown
54mcleanestelleprisonerfontfrench
55mcmurraylillianprisonerfontenglish
56mcmurraybettyprisoner’s infantfontuknown
57niemesto?sigridprisonerffindlandfinnish
58niganiwinaangelineprisonerfontchippewa
59oldfieldmaudprisonerfenglandenglish
510olivermaryprisonerfontenglish
511o’neillgertrudeprisonerfontnegress
512paquettecharlotteprisonerfontirish
513parsonsvioletprisonerfontirish
514pearsonmyrtleprisonerfontunknown
515peeremetsophieprisonerfonteskimo
516pelletiermariaprisonerfontfrench
517pelletierjosephprisoner’s infantmontirish
518pheasantmaryprisonerfontchippewa
519powley?lillianprisonerfontscottish
520pricebettyprisonerfontenglish
521raeamyprisonerfenglandenglish
522rileymaryprisonerfontchippewa
523riversharrietprisonerfontchippewa
524rivetvictoriaprisonerfontfrench
525robinsondorisprisonerfontirish
526robinsonoliveprisoner’s infantfontirish
527roncoroseprisonerfontitalian
528rooneyeileenprisonerfontirish
529searsjosephineprisonerfontnegress
530sharbotethelprisonerfontfrench
531shearingisabelprisonerfontirish
532shiltman?mable myrtleprisonerfontunknown
533skaleskicatherineprisonerf?ukrainian
534smithannieprisonerfscotlandscottish
535smithevelynprisonerfontgerman
536smithjosephineprisonerfontirish
537smithlaurettaprisonerfontirish
538smithnellieprisonerfontirish
539stewartlillianprisonerfontscottish
540taillonfrancesprisonerfontfrench
541tayloraliceprisonerfontdutch?
542tylernoraprisonerfontenglish
543tylerjoyceprisoner’s infantfontenglish
544vanhestvelmaprisonerfontdutch
545vansaeder?edithprisonerfenglandenglish
546van valkenburgviolaprisonerfontdutch
547vendette?louise prisonerfontfrench
548vizina?elizabethprisonerfu.s.afrench
549walkeremmaprisonerfenglandenglish
550walkerhelenprisonerfontnegress
61walleydorothyprisonerfontuknown
62walshelizabethprisonerfontgerman
63walthampearlprisonerfontenglish
64waltonvioletprisonerfontirish
65watsonireneprisonerfontscottish
66watsonmadelineprisonerfontenglish
67watsonmargaretprisonerfontchippewa
68weedmarkeffieprisonerfontswedish
69whitneyjaneprisonerfscotlandscottish
610williamsednaprisonerfu.s.aenglish
611williamslorraineprisoner’s infantfontrussian
612wilsonrubyprisonerfontgerman
613wilsonviolaprisonerfontenglish
614woodlandjessieprisonerfenglandenglish
615workmanhildaprisonerfontnegress
616yolleleanorprisonerfqueenglish
The names have been transcribed from 1931 Census of Canada as found on Ancestry.com
Province: Ontario
District name: Parkdale
District number:138
Sub-district name: Toronto (City), No. 87
Sub-district number: 87
Sub-district description: Mercer Reformatory

Industrial Refuge for Girls

The Industrial Refuge for Girls was a separate wing in the West corridors of the Andrew Mercer Reformatory. It imprisoned their first two girls on September 22, 1880.

 

Many girls endured indefinite sentences and could be incarcerated for up to 5 years.  During their imprisonment, and at the recommendation of the Superintendent and approval of the Inspector of Prisons, girls could be indentured into domestic service until their sentence expired.  Some girls with shorter sentences were placed as domestics upon release. This was facilitated by Mercer staff and philanthropic groups.  Often, these placements did not go well and the girls found themselves imprisoned at the Industrial Refuge again, or on the women’s side of the reformatory, including if they were now pregnant.

 

The Industrial Refuge for Girls was closed in 1905 and the remaining girls were transferred to the Alexandra Industrial School in Toronto. The registry of Industrial Refuge for Girls lists 429 girls as prisoners from 1880 to 1905.

 

Stay tuned as we continue to correct any errors in the transcription of the girl’s registry.  Use the search window below by typing your ancestor’s name.  As of July 25, 2023 there are 429 names transcribed which is the entirety of the Industrial Refuge for Girls registry.

 

Please consider this index of names as a tertiary source and always consult the actual copies of the Industrial Refuge for Girls registry by requesting your ancestors’ records at the Archives of Ontario.

 

This is ongoing research and may be subject to change as we locate details on the correct spelling of the girls’ names or racial origins.  For now, we have simply transcribed how the registry identifies some of the girls, for example:

*British Home Children (BHC)

**Black

***Indigenous

Due to the limitations of historical records, we have not verified these entries on origins as complete or correct. 

Incarcerated girl’s working in the kitchen inside Mercer, 1903 – Ontario Sessional papers 1903, No. 39, p. 89

Section 18 of An Act to establish an Industrial Refuge for Girls. [Assented to 11th March, 1879.]

Search by name in the registry of the Industrial Refuge for Girls

#SurnameFirst NameAlternate SpellingAdmittedAgePlace of BirthPlace of ResidenceOffenceNotes
1BlainAdelia Sep 22, 188012GermanyWellandLarceny
2McCannDebbieSep 27, 188013BrantfordBrantfordLarceny
3GibsonMargaret AnnGebsoleOct 2, 188010SarniaSarniaLarceny
4QuinnMargaretOct 12, 188013EnglandLondonLarceny
5DooslingElizabethOct 20, 188015CanadaWoodstockInmate Disorderly House
6HostterSarahHostlerOct 20, 188015CanadaSt. CatharinesVagrancy
7DakenMargaretOct 19, 188013CanadaTownship of GuelphLarceny
8DavisElizabethOct 29, 188016CanadaPort HopeVagrancy
9EaglesElizabethNov 2, 188014CanadaWood?Larceny
10HoraMary JaneNov 23, 188014AustraliaKingstonUnmanageable at home
11TaylorAliceDec 14, 188014Louisville Kentucky U.S.CaledoniaUnmanageable at home
12FergusonMargaret ClarisaJan 14, 188112CanadaGuelphBegging on Streets
13FergusonElizabethJan 14, 188110CanadaGuelphBegging on Streets
14MaloneEllenFeb 8, 188114U. S. A.StratfordBegging on Streets
15Malone Mary AnnFeb 9, 188111U. S. A.StratfordBegging on Streets
16CliffordMinnieFeb 15, 188112CanadaOttawaNeglect of parent
17CliffordElizaFeb 15, 188110CanadaOttawaNeglect of parent
18CliffordKatieFeb 15, 18816CanadaOttawaNeglect of mother
19BurnsEllenFeb 24, 188112CanadaHamiltonVagrancy
20ReidElizabethMar 10, 18817CanadaCornwallVagrancy
21LyzerFlorenceLyserApr 14, 188113EnglandTorontoVagrancy
22BurgessSarahJun 18, 188113CanadaHamiltonHouse Breaking & Larceny
23LewisJosephineAug 20, 188114USASt. MarysVagrancy
24KingMinnieAug 28, 188114CanadaPeterboroughVagrancy & ProstitutionAsylum
25SmithLenoraSep 19, 188110CanadaAlvestoneIncorrigible
26FelnerLouisa CarolineLouise FeatherOct 1, 188116CanadaOwen Sound Co GreyForging & uttering
27GibbinsMargaretStebbinsFeb 15, 188115CanadaWoodstockVagrancy & Idleness
28MillsMaryApr 26, 188214CanadaLondonVagrancy
29MillsAliceApr 26, 188212CanadaLondonVagrancy
30SmithJuliaApr 26, 18829CanadaEuphemiaIncorrigible
31CarsonAlmidaJun 27, 188211CanadaCampbellford Vagrancy
32DesordueanyRoseDesorducanyJul 27, 188214CanadaOttawaVagrancy
33Cook*ElizabethJul 29, 188213IrelandLondon Westminister (Guthrie Home)Assault
34WyattElizabethJul 31, 188213EnglandChathamLarceny
35CowlingEmilySep 20, 188213EnglandCobourgIncorrigible
36BarretAnnSep 20, 188212CanadaLondonVagrancy
37PenkhamLydiaPinkhamSep 20, 188213EnglandLondonVagrancy
38McElreyMinnie MaySept 27, 18824CanadaSt. ThomasDeserted by parents
39DeanMaryOct 7, 188213IrelandTorontoStealing
40MasonJane/JennieOct 18, 188215CanadaMaitlandLarceny#1774 Reformatory
41EllisKateOct 18, 188213CanadaBrockvilleLarceny
42MossEmmelineOct 27, 188212EnglandParkdaleLarceny
43KeithMinnieJan 2, 188315IrelandTorontoProstitute
44Bruns?AliceApr 9, 188312CanadaSt. ThomasIncorrigible
45BrownElizabethJul 10, 188313EnglandTorontoIncorrigible
46Wilson, Alias Ann RusselAdaMilsonJul 22, 188314CanadaWhitbyLarceny
47MooreAgnes LouisaAug 25, 188313CanadaTorontoLarceny
48Bovey?Margaret AMobeySep 11, 188315New BrunswickLondonVagrancy
49?RoseFincleSep 11, 188315EnglandLondonVagrancy
50Hoare*CarolineSep 14, 188313EnglandNiagara (Niagara Home)Incorrigible
51CranhamAnnieOct 4, 18839CanadaBrantfordVagrancy
52CarrCatharineJan 19, 18847CanadaKingstonVagrancy
53CarrMaryJan 19, 18848CanadaKingstonVagrancy
54LegarAnnSegarJan 26, 188414U. S. A.WellandIncorrigible
55SmithMaryApr 30, 188414Ran away
56Ratcliffe*MarthaJun 4, 188414EnglandNiagara (Niagara Home)Incorrigible
57AtchesonJessieJenny AitchisonJan 28, 188413CanadaTrentonVagrancy Prostitution
58DelmarLilyDelmorJuly 15, 188413CanadaHamiltonVagrancy
59MorganLilyJul 23, 188413CanadaTorontoUncontrollable
60MannahLizzieAug 12, 188413CanadaBarrieVagrancy
61OrrMargaretAug 12, 188413CanadaSarniaIncorrigible
62StaceyBerthaAug 13, 188414Canada?fordLarceny
63Churher**JulieChucleeAug 15, 18845CanadaOwen SoundVagrancy
64Churher**AdelineChucleeAug 15, 18848CanadaOwen SoundVagrancy
65StinsonSarahAug 18, 188410CanadaOttawaVagrancy
66CranhamJennieSep 23, 188412CanadaBrantfordVagrancy
67FerniaNoraOct 8, 188413CanadaNapaneeVagrancy
68BrownMaryOct 6, 188413ScotlandTorontoLarceny
69Ross**BertieLottieMay 28 188512CanadaTorontoVagrancy
70HaskinsMaryNov 25, 188512IrelandLondonLarceny
71Mcfie?ChanceyMcGillDec 5, 18857CanadaOwen SoundVagrancy
72BrownIsabellaJan 11, 18867CanadaOwen SoundVagrancy
73ColeVitoriaJan 15, 18867CanadaBellevilleWithout Salutary control
74ColeMargaret JaneJan 15, 18864CanadaBellevilleWithout Salutary control
75MathewsEmma?Feb 13, 188612U. S.WindsorLarceny
76EdwardsFlorence BethaMar 4, 188613CanadaOshawaWithout proper care
77WilliamsMary JaneMar 14, 188615WalesParkdaleLarcenyRan away
78FergusonBerthaApr 5, 188610CanadaTrentonIncorrigible
79BurgoyneClaraMay 1, 18869CanadaTrentonUncontrollable
80ColeMatildaMay 1, 188613CanadaPaisleyWithout proper care
81HaysDollyMay 1, 188611CanadaPaisleyWithout proper care
82BillingsJaneJul 9, 188613CanadaPeterboroughProstitute
83McDonaldMargaretAug 1, 188613U. S.Peninsula HarbourSelling liquor
84CranhamAnnieSep 4, 188611CanadaBrantfordVagrancy
85StuartFlorence V.Sep 30, 188614CanadaSimcoeUncontrollable
86Johnston*BellaOct 23, 188614ScotlandBelleville (Brockville House)Setting fire to a barn
87DallowCarolineOct 30, 188612CanadaLambtonLarceny
88BellBridgetNov 27, 188613IrelandHamiltonFrequent of a Dis House
89MinnieJohnstonNov 30, 188614CanadaLondonLarceny
90TraileyJennie10-Dec-8614CanadaTorontoIntemperate
91SmithMary Ann22-Dec-86?CanadaKingstonIncorrigible viciousTransferred to Reformatory #1041
92L?…ousMargaret11-Jan-8714CanadaLondonVagrancy
93MolsonMary11-Jan-8713CanadaWoodstockVagrancy
94HouseRebecca20-Apr-8713CanadaHaldimandIncorrigible
95YortMaryGort30-May-8714CanadaIncorrigible
96PewRebeccaPugh1-Jun-8712EnglandIncorrigible
97O’NeilEllie22-Jun-878CanadaYork CoWithout home or guardianship
98BlakelyCharlotte10-Aug-8714CanadaAddingtonLarceny
99Norman**Gertrude17-Aug-8711Canada? At poison
100CoggeshallMay19-Sep-8712U. S.TorontoUncontrollable
101HintonViolet4-Oct-8710CanadaTorontoDestitute
102MillerMary19-Oct-8711CanadaLambtonLarceny
103MillerJennie20-Nov-8713U. S. WindsorLarceny
104BerryFrances Ann1-Dec-8711CanadaBowmanvilleHomeless & Friendless
105TaylorSarha Ann9-Dec-879CanadaSimcoeHomeless & Friendless
106ReedElizabeth17-Jan-8816CanadaTorontoVagrancy
107Shaver alisa RobinsAnn27-Jan-8814CanadaLondonHomeless
108DomanElizabeth J.Donnan31-Jan-8814CanadaTorontoWithout Salutary Control
109RichardsonDiana Mary15-Feb-8812EnglandSarniaIncorrigible
110RahlAnnie15-Feb-8813CanadaBerlinArsonNewspaper
The Kingston Whig-Standard
07 Feb 1888, Tue · Page 1
Burnt down Levi Shantz's barn in Woolwich

https://www.newspapers.com/image/786092356/?terms=Mercer%20reformatory&match=1
111Orton*Elizabeth17-Feb-8814EnglandToronto (Niagara Home)without home or Salutary Control
112BellInoisLizzieBellmois24-Feb-8813U. S. KingstonWithout home or Salutary Control
113Everitt*Esther17-Apr-8818EnglandSarnie (Niagara Home)Arson
114MitchellMary30-May-8811CanadaKingstonVagrancy
115EmoryEllen22-Jun-8814EnglandLondonWithout Salutary Control
116BurrowsMinnie5-Jul-889IrelandLondonWithout control
117UdellLena13-Jul-8810CanadaTorontoVagrancy
118KellyElizabeth17-Jul-8814CanadaHamiltonVagrancy
119FrenchJane24-Aug-8813CanadaWoodstockNo visible means of support
120Philips**Mary Ann29-Aug-8811CanadaBrantfordBegging on public street
121O’BoyleBridget21-Sep-8815CanadaOttawaLarceny
122GooganKatie Annie10-Oct-8810CanadaOshawaDestitute without a home
123CooganEthel10-Oct-888CanadaOshawaDestitute without a home
124McCartyMinnie20-Nov-889IrelandTorontoDestitute without a home
125McElrey?MinnieRuelrey23-Nov-8812CanadaUnder the Act Returned from apprenticeship see 38 on page 2
126Ashonanosbis***MargaretAshonauasbis23-Nov-8814CanadaAlgomaArson
127Fant**Annie5-Dec-8811CanadaIngersollVagrancy
128Jones**Mary18-Dec-8812CanadaBrantfordLarceny
129GallowayFrances 4-Jan-8912CanadaTorontoLarceny
130McEwenHarriet12-Jan-8911CanadaWhitbyWithout salutary control
131ThorntonMaria12-Apr-898IrelandHamiltonVagrancy
132GriffithsLizzie1-Jul-8913CanadaTorontoVagrancy
133FrazerMary Jane19-Jul-8917CanadaBrockvilleFrequenting
134EllisMargaret26-Jul-8910CanadaBrockvilleVagrancy
135Long, alias FraserRuth, alias Ruby2-Aug-8910CanadaSt ThomasLarceny
136Harwood*Lucy15-Aug-8915EnglandNorth bay (Gutheir Home)Larceny
137KittridgeMinnie29-Aug-8913CanadaBrantfordVagrancy
138MolsonMary30-Aug-8915CanadaBeachvilleVagrancy
139TuttleBlanche Louise15-Sep-899CanadaColborneNeglect of Parent
140TuttleIda Electa15-Sep-894CanadaColborneNeglect of Parent
141LebarAnna17-Oct-8911CanadaPort PerryIdle & Dissolute life
142LucasSarah24-Dec-8914CanadaTorontoLarceny
143BrittonMaggie24-Dec-8914CanadaTorontoLarceny
144Boland?Annie24-Dec-8914CanadaTorontoLarceny
145Boland?Minnie24-Dec-8914CanadaTorontoLarceny
146LawsonJessie3-Feb-9011CanadaTorontoVagrancy
147Baker*Minnie Clara19-Feb-9014EnglandLondon (Guthrie Home)Larceny
148Hebburn*Eliza 19-Feb-9012EnglandLondon (Guthrie Home)Larceny
149BowstrillMary28-Feb-9012Canada?Larceny
150MayNellie28-Feb-9013Canada?Larceny
151SylvesterAnne8-May-9014CanadaHamiltonIncorrigible
152ParkerJane8-May-908CanadaWalkertonWithout proper control
153BurneyJane13-Jun-9013CanadaBrockvilleIncorrigible
154WelshHarriet13-Jun-9012CanadaKingstonIncorrigible
155ThorntonMaria10-Jul-909IrelandHamiltonLarceny
156HiltonSarah Anne17-Jul-9015CanadaTorontoIntemperate
157McDermottMary Jane1-Aug-9015CanadaOttawaIntemperate Vagrant
158RangerMargaret18-Oct-9015CanadaSudburyProstitute
159Collit*Johanna20-Oct-9016EnglandToronto (Niagara Home)Vagrancy
160BerryMary31-Oct-9012IrelandTorontoLarceny
161MartinAlice10-Feb-916Canada?Leading an idle & dissolute life
162WoonchMannie17-Feb-915CanadaCollingwoodHomeless
163WoonchViolet17-Feb-914CanadaCollingwoodHomeless
164WoonchEllen17-Feb-912.6CanadaCollingwoodHomelessDied age 3, March 3, 1882
165O’NeillyJohanna7-Mar-9113CanadaKingstonLarceny false Pretense
166FloodMinnie3-Apr-9111CanadaPerthNeglect of Parents
167CochranEllen13-Apr-9113IrelandTorontoVagrancy
168LaneAnnie6-May-919IrelandLondonVagrancy
169BeausejourNellie6-May-9113Canada?Larceny
170McConnellMary Agnes12-May-9115CanadaKingstonVagrancy
171KirklandSadie20-May-9114CanadaNiagaraWithout Salutary Control
172MurraySarah20-May-9118CanadaWellandVagrant
173JessopEthel Mabel28-May-9110CanadaTorontoVagrant
174Moore**Nettie28-May-9115CanadaTorontoVagrant
175DallowCarrie27-Jun-9117Canada?Larceny
176Johnsonethel28-Jun-9113CanadaTorontoVagrant
177RossEttie29-Jun-9113CanadaTorontoVagrant
178GalvinWinnifred14-Jul-9114CanadaTorontoVagrant
179AmoMary Lilly11-Aug-9113CanadaBrockvilleUncontrollable
180RiceFrances13-Aug-9112CanadaLondonUncontrollable
181BattyBerllia1-Sep-9110CanadaSt ThomasWithout proper control
182JacobyCarrie (Cora)8-Sep-9111CanadaLondonVagrancy
183RobinsonMargaret Gertrude6-Nov-9110CanadaIngersollWithout proper control
184MilesLizzie25-Nov-9115CanadaTorontoLarcenyReformatory #1660
185CrockerElizabeth15-Jan-9215U. S. A.DetroitBringing stolen goods into Canada
186BeckEmma (alisa Anne McMurry)5-Feb-9214CanadaTorontoSetting fire to a Girls home
187GillesLucinda19-Mar-929CanadaCayugaDestitute, begging, without guardian
188GillesMaude19-Mar-927CanadaCayugaDestitute, begging, without guardian
189Palmer*Katie21-Apr-9214England? (Stephenson Home)Larceny
190StoneBina5-May-9214EnglandSheffield TownshipFraud
191DaleyEva7-May-9214CanadaTorontoVagrancy
192MaloneyMary24-Sep-929CanadaNorfolkHousebreaking Larceny
193PearsonSarah May2-Nov-9210CanadaHamiltonHousebreaking Larceny
194MortimerMargaret17-Nov-9216CanadaToronto? Stealing
195Washington**Beatrice Louisa Emily6-Dec-9213CanadaWoodstockUncontrollable
196JewellEthel16-Dec-9212CanadaLindsayKeeping house of ill fame
197Hardwick*Lucy18-Jan-9313EnglandLisgar, Halton (Niagara Home)Uncontrollable
198Biggs*Bessie24-Feb-9318EnglandBanardo House, NorthhumberlandLarceny
199SchofieldOllia31-Mar-9311CanadaLondonVagrancy
200CookMary10-May-9311IrelandRenfrewVagrancy
201GibsonMay13-Jul-9316CanadaBrusselsGetting money under false pretense
202BuberySarah27-Jul-9314CanadaKingstonLarceny
203ShawElizabeth14-Aug-9314CanadaHamiltonIncorrigible, beyond control
204GilbertLucinda25-Sep-9310CanadaOwen SoundTheft
205EvansGeorgina7-Sep-9313England?Arson
206O’BrieMary27-Sep-9314CanadaPembrookeLoose, idle disorderly
207GilmourMary3-Apr-9412CanadaForestvilleTheft
208St PierreMaude14-Jun-9412CanadaWhite FishFallen into dissolute ?
209St PierreJennie14-Jun-9414CanadaWhite FishFallen into dissolute ?
210CousinsMartha11-Jul-9416CanadaOrilliaInmate House of ill fame
211CunninghamAnnie28-Jul-947CanadaBlezardwaif
212CunninghamEva28-Jul-949CanadaBlezardwaif
213CunninghamGertrude28-Jul-9411CanadaBlezardwaif
214CunninghamMary28-Jul-9413CanadaBlezardwaif
215SaundersFlorence May30-Jul-9412EnglandWhitbyWithout Salutary Control
216Young Matilda alias Bryant10-Aug-9414CanadaHalls CornersPerjury
217Portiguis?Mary Ann17-Aug-9410CanadaRenfrewLarceny
218NelsonGrace Isabel17-Aug-9411CanadaNapaneeLarceny
219AshbySarah29-Aug-9410CanadaPort HopeWithout proper control
220AshbyLena20-Aug-9413CanadaPort HopeWithout proper control
221DavyJenny18-Oct-9417CanadaPeterboroughLarceny
222GravesMinnie23-Oct-9416CanadaSeaforthPerjury
223Cuzner?Edith5-Dec-9414CanadaHamiltonLarceny
224BrooksEtta May17-Jan-9512CanadaBrightonWithout Salutary Control
225BrooksMinnie Maude21-Feb-9515CanadaBrightonWithout Salutary Control
226O’BrieSophie22-Feb-9515CanadaPembrokeLoose & disorderly
227DriscollCatherine7-Mar-9512CanadaKingstonStealing
228ColborneJenny27-Apr-9513CanadaThornhillBad surroundings
229ScottJennie27-Apr-9516CanadaWindsorTheft
230PhillipsEllen6-Aug-956CanadaNewmarketHomeless
231BrownEdna22-May-957CanadaBeavertonHomeless
232ChechleyMary Maude28-Jan-956CanadaHaliburtonHomeless
233StewartElizabeth28-Jan-959CanadaVictoria?Homeless
234O’DonnelMyrtle1-Aug-9513CanadaTorontoLarceny
235MaloneyMinnie28-Aug-9510CanadaWoodstockHomeless
236GradyMargaret29-Aug-9515CanadaTorontoLarceny
237RangerEllen4-Sep-9514CanadaSudburyProstitution
238BerryAgnes10-Sep-9513CanadaLindsayFreq H of ill f
239MoodyGertrude23-Oct-9514CanadaTorontoLoose Idle & disorderly
240GavanEllen4-Nov-9514Canada?wood, in Wellington CountyGrowing up without salutary control
241GibsonLilie8-Nov-9511CanadaWakeworth, NorthumberlandImproper house surroundings
242PringleJennie23-Dec-959CanadaCobourgDeserted by mother
243Davis Lavinia27-Dec-959CanadaFairbanksDeserted by parents
244MathewsLizzie7-Jan-9613CanadaTorontoIdle Loose Disorderly
245WalesAnnie21-Feb-9615CanadaMiltonLeading an immoral life
246WheelerDaisy23-Mar-9618EnglandTorontoStealing
247ClineMary 20-Apr-9614CanadaPelham
248WetheraldRosie2-May-9610CanadaMilton
249CowellFlorenceCornell18-May-9614EnglandTorontoVagrancy
250KnoxIda2-Jun-9612CanadaStratford
251StewartSarah Ann 13-Jun-9614CanadaHarrowDisorderly
252Davis Sadie15-Jun-968Canada?
253GalbraithViola24-Jun-967CanadaSarnia
254WaldronMannie24-Jun-969CanadaParis
255BurroughsfordMinnie29-Jun-9613CanadaTorontoStealing
256RobinsonHenrietta22-Jul-9615TorontoTorontoVagrant Idle & disorderly
257?*LauraReynes22-Jul-9614EnglandToronto (Niagara Home)Vagrant Idle & disorderly
258CottrellMary29-Jul-9615CanadaTorontoVagrant Idle & disorderly
259McKinghtMinnie29-Jul-9614CanadaPort ElginVagrancy
260ChaneyMary14-Aug-9613Toronto
261HillockBertha Florence15-Sep-9614CanadaTorontoStealing
262McLellanMary16-Sep-9614Canada?Stealing
263ParkIsabella15-Oct-9616CanadaOwen SoundTheft
264McCollArmarilla19-Nov-9614CanadaOwen SoundLeading an immoral life
265RyckmanEtta19-Nov-9615CanadaOwen SoundLeading an immoral life
266HardyGertrude8-Dec-9614CanadaHamiltonUnmanageable
267JohnsonRhoda11-Dec-9614CanadaLindsayWithout Salutary Control
268FullerAnnie11-Dec-9615CanadaLindsayVagrancy
269HulmeEthel2-Jan-9714CanadaTorontoStealing
270Hill Minnie Louisa28-Jan-9713CanadaColbourneTheft
271MathewsElizabeth29-Jan-9716EnglandTorontoVagrancy
272McLeanKatie13-Mar-9716CanadaGoderichWithout Salutary ControlDied
273RobinsonVictoria30-Mar-9713CanadaBobcaygeonDestitute Vagrancy
274SayersEllen Rose31-Mar-9715CanadaHamiltonVagrancy
275KeenanEmily31-Mar-9716CanadaHamiltonVagrancy
276BrittonEmily14-Apr-9714CanadaTorontoLoose, Idle & Disorderly
277McMillanAgnes14-Apr-9714ScotlandTorontoLoose, Idle & Disorderly
278HessonMary Ann5-May-9714CanadaStratfordNot stated?
279DonaldsonCaroline13-May-9716CanadaBarrieCannot be controlledAsylum
280McCormickAlice19-May-9712CanadaSt Mary’sIncorrigible
281StiltMaryStitt4-Jun-9714EnglandTorontoStealing
282NeilElizabeth2-Jul-9713IrelandHaltonTheft
283FoxViolet7-Jul-9713CanadaHamiltonBeyond Control of Parents
284RoweAnnieRow18-Sep-9711CanadaSaltfleet Beyond Control of Parents
285TheobaultEmma12-Oct-9715CanadaPeterboroughC. Prostitute
286NoyesEva22-Nov-9715CanadaBrockvilleProstitution & Vagrancy
287CarrMary22-Nov-9713CanadaNapaneeFrequenting Disorderly house
288SmithMabel14-Dec-9714CanadaTorontoVagrant
289ScottJennie10-Feb-9818CanadaTorontoVagrant
290McCannHelen19-Feb-9816CanadaLondonVagrancy
291JenkinsonNellie25-Feb-9813CanadaNorth BayBegging on the streets
292McGinnSarah3-May-9813U. S. WoodstockVagrancy
293CookPauline A5-May-9812Canada?Larceny
294CarterLilly1-Jun-9814CanadaHamiltonDisorderly
295BroganJane23-Jun-9816CanadaTorontoStealing
296Smith**Corabella7-Jul-9813U. S. Niagara FallsIncorrigible
297LynchMary25-Jul-9816CanadaTorontoLoose, Idle, disorderly
298Van CampMajory10-Aug-9816CanadaTorontoVagrant loose idle
299ForsterEthel9-Sep-9815EnglandTorontoVagrant
300ThompsonBlanche16-Sep-9814CanadaBellevilleIdle and disorderly
301BabcockNellie16-Sep-9816CanadaBellevilleIdle and disorderly
302SpeirsCaroline4-Nov-9814CanadaWalkertonTheft of money
303FerrierLillie5-Nov-9814Canada?Aid abet assist and ?
304Farron**Lena10-Nov-9813CanadaCornwallVagrant & wandering in the streets
305AsselstineFlorence10-Nov-9817CanadaPerthVagrant
306RevoirMinnie22-Nov-9815CanadaPeterboroughIncorrigible
307TobinMary23-Nov-9812CanadaTorontoTheft
308SmithSarah Jane12-Dec-9815CanadaTorontoVagrancy
309SicklesLaura15-Dec-9815CanadaBrantfordVagrancy
310CrawfordOlive27-Dec-9815CanadaTorontoLoose idle disorderly
311JoslynNettie30-Dec-9815CanadaTorontoProstitute
312CheeverSMaggie25-Jan-9911CanadaBrantfordTheft and vagrancy
313DufresneAmelia2-Feb-9916CanadaSarniaIncorrigibleAsylum
314HolleyEveline E14-Apr-9915CanadaGuelphUncontrollable
315PowellMary Jane18-May-9914CanadaTilsonburgUncontrollable, loose, idle, dis
316HollibaughEdith20-Aug-9910CanadaAylmerWithout Salutary Control
317ClarkGrace15-Sep-9915CanadaTorontoVagrancy
318KingAnnie15-Sep-9915EnglandTorontoVagrancy
319WellsSadie19-Sep-9911TorontoStealing
320SmartLaura19-Sep-9915CanadaPort DoverUnmanageable
321StoneBertha 27-Sep-9911CanadaTorontoStealing
322CollinsElizabeth27-Sep-9915Without Salutary Control
323McGeeMary11-Oct-9912CanadaKingstonLarceny
324GoodSarah J 12-Oct-9915CanadaOrilliaWithout Control
325Miller**Grace14-Oct-9915CanadaLondonVagrancy
326CorriganPriscilla14-Oct-9915CanadaPeterborough? Prostitution
327BallMary Ellen20-Oct-9913CanadaOrilliaWithout Control
328MilneGrace14-Nov-9914CanadaAylmerWithout parent or guardian
329MilneMaggie14-Nov-9912CanadaAylmerWithout parent or guardian
330FebusEdithFelvus28-Nov-9916EnglandBracondaleVagrancy
331ClarkEva19-Dec-9915CanadaTorontoVagrancy
332McKnightAda18-Jan-0015CanadaPeterboroughIdle and dissolute life
333FoxPansy31-Jan-0014CanadaBarrieIncorrigible without any settled place of abode
334CameronEva20-Feb-0015CanadaTorontoInmate house of ill fame
335LeathersWinnifred21-Mar-0016CanadaTorontoVagrancy
336IrwinEdna17-Apr-0014CanadaBrantfordTheft
337JonesMinnie Beatrice20-Apr-0015CanadaBellevilleUncontrollable
338CraigEva24-Apr-0015CanadaTorontoVagrant, loose, idle, disorderly
339DeanMaggie24-Apr-0016CanadaTorontoVagrant, loose, idle, disorderly
340LiscombeErie1-May-0014CanadaTorontoStealing
341FlatterellViney1-May-0015CanadaTorontoLoose, idle, disorderly
342LloydAnnie J8-Jun-0015CanadaTorontoVagrancy
343Morrison or SringerAnnie8-Jun-0015CanadaTorontoVagrancy
344TraceyMary8-Jun-0016CanadaTorontoVagrancyEscape
345WoodcockNellie25-Jul-0016?Escape
346LongGertrude31-Jul-0015CanadaTorontoVagrancy
347HuntlyClara1-Aug-0015CanadaTorontoUncontrollable
348BernardMinnie 11-Aug-0013CanadaPembrookeInmate of disorderly house
349St. ArmourMary Louise13-Aug-0015CanadaPembrookeInmate of disorderly housesee #373
350CarmelAnnie?13-Aug-0016CanadaOttawaFrequenter of house of ill fame
351ClarkMary Anne17-Aug-0014CanadaHamiltonIncorrigible
352O’BrienIsabella7-Sep-0015CanadaTorontoStealing
353MurpheyEliza7-Sep-0015CanadaTorontoLoose, Idle, disorderly
354BickleBertha2-Sep-0014CanadaWhitbyIdle and disorderly
355MadiganMary11-Oct-0015CanadaStoney CreekIncorrigible
356SappGeorginaTapp19-Oct-0015CanadaOttawaIncorrigible
357ShepherdSarah Jane26-Oct-0015CanadaTorontoVagrant
358BowenJessie15-Jan-0114CanadaKingstonLarceny
359GrayLilli26-Feb-0115CanadaTorontoVagrancy
360BeauvaisAmanda28-Feb-0115CanadaOttawaVagrancy
361StewartAnnie7-Mar-0115CanadaOttawaNeglected child
362MillsMinnie24-Apr-0116CanadaOttawaIncorrigible
363FoxViolet10-May-0116CanadaTorontoVagrant
364DuvalJane4-Jun-0115CanadaOrilliaVagrant
365BeattieJennie5-Jun-0115CanadaTorontoVagrant
366PhillipsPhoebe May19-Jun-0114CanadaTorontoNeglected
367CowelCoraCowie27-Jun-0115CanadaIncorrigible
368BelleforMaud27-Jun-0115CanadaBellefoiInmate house of ill fame
369FlahertyMargaret28-Jun-0113CanadaGuelphTheft
370McTagueTeresa13-Jul-0117CanadaHamiltonLarceny
371Turner**Bertha30-Jul-0115CanadaBrantfordTheft
372NavinMartha8-Aug-0113CanadaNapaneeCo-habitating with prostitutepregnant, transferred to reformatory
373St. Armour***Louise12-Aug-0116CanadaTorontoVagrantprevious #349
374Whitford**Mary20-Sep-0116CanadaOttawaVagrancy
375O’NeilNellie20-Sep-0113CanadaKingstonLarceny
376Griffin**Maria23-Oct-0115CanadaDresdenTheft
377YoungsGracie25-Oct-017CanadaCamblefordWithout parent uncontrollable
378AllisonCoralCarol4-Nov-0113CanadaBellevilleUncontrollable
379CaswellLucinda30-Nov-0115CanadaTorontoStealing
380BallAlice11-Dec-0117CanadaHamiltonLoose, idle, disorderly, vagrant
381DavisAgnes11-Dec-0120CanadaHamiltonLoose, idle, disorderly, vagrant
382HartJessie23-Dec-0115Canada?Inmate house of ill fame
383PlouffeBlanch Natalie1-Jan-0215CanadaOttawaInmate house of ill fame
384MorrowEthel21-Jan-0213CanadaOttawaIncorrigible, beyond control
385BinoskiVina6-Feb-0214CanadaGuelphTheft of goods
386BilsonLeila3-Apr-0217CanadaOttawa?
387DysonEdith4-Apr-0211CanadaHespeler House breaking, theft, false pretense
388OrrPhyllis15-May-0216CanadaOttawa? to deal with under of the act
389MajorEsther20-May-0216CanadaHamiltonLarceny
390MilliganJessie4-Jun-0215CanadaTorontoVagrant
391MulhollandMaudMaude12-Jun-0215CanadaHamiltonIncorrigible
392SayerDiana19-Jun-0216CanadaOttawaLeading dissolute life
393Barns alias FoxMary 3-Jul-0213CanadaGravenhurstFalse pretense
394MurrayViolet25-Jul-0217CanadaHamiltonVagrancyTrans Reformatory
395CapesFanny25-Jul-0218CanadaHamiltonVagrancyTrans Reformatory
396CorneilBertha28-Jul-0213CanadaOwen SoundIncorrigible
397SmithNellie30-Jul-0215CanadaOttawaIncorrigible
398NewboldAdaNewbald4-Aug-0216EnglandTorontoVagrant
399NortonIna19-Sep-0213CanadaBellevilleUncontrollable
400FitzgibbonsBertha11-Oct-0215CanadaTorontoTheft
401LongMaud1-Nov-0216CanadaTorontoVagrantTrans Reformatory
402HandleyEstella3-May-0315CanadaBellevilleProstitute
403Turner**Josephine13-May-0312CanadaBrantfordWithout Salutary control
404FlemingSarah 15-May-0316CanadaOttawaProstitution
405BianofekiClaraBinofeki28-May-0310CanadaGuelphLarcenyTrans to Industrial ?
406DysonEthel28-May-0314CanadaGuelphLarceny, without control
407FraserEthel25-May-0315CanadaNapaneeWithout Salutary control
408LovellFlossie4-Aug-0315CanadaGaltTheft
409BrancerAnnieBranciere3-Sep-0315CanadaTorontoRaising a fire
410MillerMary9-Oct-0315CanadaTorontoVagrant
411BradyAnnie20-Oct-0315CanadaOttawaProstitute
412HarperMargaret31-Oct-0315CanadaOttawaLeading a dissolute lifeTrans to Reformatory
413BlanshardLily3-Nov-0313CanadaOttawaImmoral conduct
414ArcherAnna20-Jan-0415U. S.TorontoVagrant
415HolmesMary2-Mar-0415EnglandTorontoVagrant
416BurchMary6-Apr-0414CanadaLondonLeading a dissolute life
417BrownAnnie30-Jun-0415CanadaBrantfordUnable to be controlled by parent
418ConnellMay15-Jul-0416CanadaLindsayLoose, idle, disorderly
419HollingsworthBarbara Lavinia9-Sep-0415CanadaOttawaUncontrollable
420TannerMary21-Sep-0416Canada?Vagrant
421McCallumMaud19-Oct-0416CandaBrantfordVagrant
422ScottKathleen3-Feb-0517EnglandOttawaWithout relations or guardian
423ForsythOlive Edna21-Mar-0515CanadaHamiltonIncorrigible
424PollisayNellie21-Oct-0516United StatesHamiltonIncorrigible
425KizierAnnieVizier17-May-0515CanadaHamiltonLarceny
426HoughtonEmily18-May-0516CanadaAlexandra SchoolEscape from Alexandra School for Girls
427FletcherAgnes22-Sep-0514CanadaBobcaygeon By order of Inspector
428WoodsIda Emily28-Oct-0517CanadaOrilliaVagrancy
429LangstonLillian May21-Oct-0516CanadaTorontoUnlawful vagrant
The following is the source used to transcribe the names: “Archives Ontario, RG 20-166/Reference: RG 20-166 Title: Registers of the Ontario Industrial Refuge for Girls Date: 1880-1905 / Copyright Crown”

 

Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women

Incarcerated women working in the Mercer for-profit laundries Annual Report, 1903

On August 28, 1880 the first two prisoners were admitted to the Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women. One month later, by the end of fiscal year of September 30, 1880. there were thirty women imprisoned at Mercer. By October 29, 1880, a call for tenders for labour of inmates was published in the newspapers; and thus began the terror of imprisonment for over 20,000 women, girls and their babies until the Mercer’s closure in 1969.

 

“Tender for Labour of Inmates,” The Globe, October 29, 1880, 7.

We hope to provide an index of 4725 names in the below database of the women who were incarcerated at Mercer from 1880 – 1917.

 

Please consider this index of names as a tertiary source and always consult the actual copies of the Andrew Mercer Reformatory for women’s registry by requesting your ancestors’ records at the Archives of Ontario.

 

This is ongoing research and may be subject to change as we locate details on the correct spelling of the names or racial origins.  For now, we have simply transcribed how the registry identifies some of the women, for example:

         *British Home Children (BHC)

         **Black

         ***Indigenous

Due to the limitations of historical records, we have not verified these entries on origins as complete or correct. 

 

Check back later as we continue to update the database and correct any errors in the transcription of the women’s registry.  Use the search window below by typing your ancestor’s name.  On August 28, 2023 the first 30 names were transcribed of women who were incarcerated at the Mercer Reformatory.

September 12, 2023 new names have been added.

Search by name in the registry of the Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women

#SurnameFirst NameAlternate
Spelling
AdmittedAgePlace of
Birth
Place of
Residence
OffenceNotes
1StumpMargaret28-Aug-8019OntarioBradfordProstitution
2MannahMary A28-Aug-8034London EngBracebridgeProcuring defilement of young girl
3ShawIda1-Sep-8022Michigan or CanadaAbduction and escape from Gaol
4LambAnna1-Sep-8027CanadaForestvilleLarceny
5YoungJane2-Sep-8018IrelandTorontoVagrancy
6Nuley?Mary2-Sep-8049IrelandTorontoDrunkenness
7WallyMary2-Sep-8045CanadaTorontoVagrancy
8McLaughlanHannah aka Harriet2-Sep-8030MontrealTorontoLarceny
9RobertsonJane9-Sep-8018AylmerOttawaKeeper House of Ill Fame
10FranklinAnnie9-Sep-8022ScotlandOttawaVagrancy
11McManisMargaret9-Sep-8024VermontOttawaKeeper House of Ill Fame
12BoyerMargaret9-Sep-8026VaudreuilOttawaInmate House of ill fame
13WalshMargaret9-Sep-8040IrelandGananoqueProstitution and Vagrancy
14DonnellyBridget9-Sep-8056IrelandKingstonStealing
15JenkinsMary or Margaret9-Sep-8020Port HopePort Hopean idle person having no means of maintaining of herself
16FletcherSophia17-Sep-8037Woolwich EngTorontoKeeping House of Ill Fame
17WalkerMartha17-Sep-8023Kent EngTorontoInmate House of ill fame
18Barker Louisa17-Sep-8028IrelandTorontoDrunkenness
19McBurney?Margaret17-Sep-8019CobourgTorontoInmate House of ill fame
20FosterMary17-Sep-8026Cincinnati USTorontoDrunkenness
21Fallen?MaryFallon17-Sep-8016TorontoTorontoDisorderly
22Horton?SarahStanton23-Sep-8039TorontoHamiltonDrunkenness
23BakerMary23-Sep-8046IrelandHamiltonDrunkenness
24McGibbonElizabeth23-Sep-8040Manchester EngHamiltonDrunkenness
25FlemingMaria23-Sep-8039Sligo IrelandHamiltonKeeps a disorderly house
26BranaganAnnie23-Sep-8029USHamiltonLarceny
27Comers?Annie23-Sep-8026IrelandHamiltonVagrancy
28SheehanMargaret23-Sep-8019TorontoHamiltonInmate of house of ill fame
29IrwinMary Anne23-Sep-8018?Hamiltoninmate of disorderly house
30BrownJessie23-Sep-8023?HamiltonDrunkenness
31SmithMary2-Oct-8046IrelandTorontoVagrancy
32McGuireEliza Jane2-Oct-8024CanadaLondonLarceny
33WaltonMary2-Oct-8038EnglandWaterfordVagrancy
34JonesEmily2-Oct-8025EnglandLondonVagrancy
35RyanWinnifred2-Oct-8060IrelandLondonVagrancyDied March 18, 1881, discrepancy in age
36Grafton?Matilda2-Oct-8044EnglandLondonDrunk & Vagrancy
37MooreElizabeth4-Oct-8027KingstonCarltonLarceny
38DerryEliza4-Oct-8038IrelandTorontoLarceny
39BurnsCatharine4-Oct-8040IrelandTorontoLarceny
40SmithMargaret4-Oct-8023KingstonTorontoLarceny
41Crawford?12-Oct-8027CanadaWoodstockKeeping house of ill fame
42DooslingElizabeth 12-Oct-8016CanadaWoodstockInmate of house of ill fameTransferred to Refuge #5
43RogersSusan12-Oct-8017CanadaSt CatharinesVagrancy
44Hostter?Sarah12-Oct-8015CanadaSt CatharinesVagrancyTransferred to Refuge #6
45MooreBridget12-Oct-8042IrelandLondonVagrancy
46McGuireMary12-Oct-8045IrelandSt CatharinesVagrancy
47DickMary22-Oct-8036GermanyBrantfordDrunk & Disorderly
48McPhersonAnn22-Oct-8043IrelandHamiltonDrunk and Disorderly
49BowdenAnna22-Oct-8024BellevilleBellevilleKeeper of house of ill fame
50DavisElizabeth29-Oct-8016CanadaBelmontVagrancyTransferred to Refuge #8
The following is the source used to transcribe the names: "RG 20-50-1/Reference: RG 20-50-1 Title: Vanier Centre For Women prison registers Date: 1880-1917 /Copyright Crown"

Ancestry Institutional Tree:

Ancestry Institutional Tree – Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women and Industrial Refuge for Girls

Was your deceased relative incarcerated at the Mercer Reformatory or the Industrial Refuge?  We have added the censuses of Mercer from 1881-1931 to the institutional tree on Ancestry.  If you have an Ancestry.com account and want to view a searchable “List of all people” in the Mercer tree, click on this link or the Ancestry logo below to sign into your account.

Future Projects:

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A Virtual Cemetery Find a Grave – Andrew Mercer Reformatory for Women and Industrial Refuge for Girls

 

Did your relative, or her infant or child, die while at the Mercer Reformatory or the Industrial Refuge?  Some women and girls were released early if they were dying, therefore their death certificate may not indicate Mercer as the place of death.  Many others were transferred to other institutions, such as Houses of Industry and Refuge (Workhouse), Ontario Hospitals (“Asylum”), Sanitoriums, or other such institutions and died there.  If your relative died at Mercer, or with a connection to Mercer, please notify us and we may be able to add them to the virtual cemetery on Find a Grave coming soon.